Frequently Asked Questions
Ontario Ministry of Transport define ebikes as motorized bicycles that can look like conventional bicycles, scooters or limited-speed motorcycles.
Ebikes must have:
- steering handlebars
- working pedals
- an electric motor not exceeding 500 Watts
- a maximum speed of 32 km/h
- a maximum weight of 120 kg
- a permanent label from the manufacturer stating that your e-bike conforms to the federal definition of a power-assisted bicycle.
E-bikes do not require license, vehicle registration / plate or insurance
You don’t need a driver’s license, vehicle permit or license plate to ride an e-bike, but you do need to:
- be 16 or older
- wear an approved bicycle or motorcycle helmet
- keep your e-bike in good working order
No. If there are no pedals on the e-bike, it is no longer considered to be an e-bike because it does not conform with the Highway Traffic Act definition of a power-assisted bicycle.
Modifying your e-bike to increase its speed beyond 32 km/h will no longer qualify it as an e-bike.
It depends on the particular circumstances that led to your licence suspension. If your licence is suspended because of a conviction that has resulted in a driving prohibition under the Criminal Code of Canada, you cannot legally operate an e-bike.
If your driver’s licence has been suspended under other circumstances, you should discuss your situation with a licensed legal practitioner before deciding to operate an e-bike.
You can carry passengers on your e-bike if it was designed for more than one person. Passengers are not allowed on a bicycle designed for one person.
You should check the manufacturer’s information to see if your e-bike was designed to carry passengers. E-bike passengers must be at least 16 years old.
E-bikes may not get stolen at any more frequency than non-electric bikes.
The best ways to protect your bike from theft are:
- Get a high-quality bike lock. Cable locks are way too easy to cut.
- If you are parking your bike in your garage, lock your garage.
- When in public, lock your bike in a visible location.
You can ride your e-bike on most roads and highways where conventional bikes are permitted, with some exceptions.
You can’t ride your e-bike:
- on certain provincial controlled access highways, such as the 400 series, the Queen Elizabeth Way, the Queensway in Ottawa or the Kitchener-Waterloo Expressway
- on roads, including sidewalks, where bicycles are banned under municipal by-laws
- on roads, sidewalks, bike paths, bike trails or bike lanes where e-bikes are prohibited
Drinking and driving a motor vehicle is a Criminal Code offence and charges are laid under the Criminal Code of Canada. Under the Criminal Code, the definition of a “motor vehicle” includes an e-bike, and anyone operating an e-bike intoxicated could be charged for impaired driving. If convicted, the offender would be subject to the Criminal Code penalties, including a fine or jail time, and a driving prohibition.
Under the Highway Traffic Act, an e-bike is not classified as a motor vehicle, so penalties for impaired driving under the Act would not apply.
Please check this guide: http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/driver/pdfs/cycling-guide.pdf
The City provides over 350 km of pathways, bike lanes and cycle tracks.
Check out this URL
Cycling Master Plan and Transportation Master Plan outline the City’s plans toward a fully connected, accessible network that is safe for all users.
Legal travel top speed is 32km/h. Off-Road top speed can reach up to 65-70km/h depending on the model.
Travel range of the ebike depends on its battery pack and is theoretically calculated based on conditions such as riding on level ground, no stops, no winds, warm temperatures for a 175lb rider with no extra cargo.
For our ebikes with a 72V/20AH battery, a travel distance of up to 50 Kms, and with a 72V/35 AH battery, up to 70 Kms is suggested. Stronger the battery, longer is the travel range.
Manufacturers recommend up to 500 recharge cycles for lead acid battery, and 1000 recharge cycles for lithium battery.
250-600 lbs depending on the model.
You can carry passengers on your e-bike if it is designed for more than one person.
E-bike passengers must be at least 16 years old.